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What, in history, happened on your birthday?


GovernmentMule

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My birthday: July 28

 

In history on that date:

 

-- The 14th Amendment of the constitution of the United States is certified, establishing African-American citizenship and guaranteeing due process of law.

-- Thomas Cromwell is executed at the order of Henry VIII of England on charges of treason.

-- Jose de San Martin declares the independence of Peru from Spain.

-- Heavy rain and a mudslide in Isahaya, western Kyushu, Japan, kill 992.

-- US president Lyndon Johnson announces his order to increase the number of United States troops in South Vietnam from 75,000 to 125,000.

-- Austrian Ian Thorpe becomes the first swimmer to win six gold medals at a single World Championships.

 

What, in history, happened on your birthday?

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My birthday: July 28

 

In history on that date:

 

-- The 14th Amendment of the constitution of the United States is certified' date=' establishing African-American citizenship and guaranteeing due process of law.

-- Thomas Cromwell is executed at the order of Henry VIII of England on charges of treason.

-- Jose de San Martin declares the independence of Peru from Spain.

-- Heavy rain and a mudslide in Isahaya, western Kyushu, Japan, kill 992.

-- US president Lyndon Johnson announces his order to increase the number of United States troops in South Vietnam from 75,000 to 125,000.

-- Austrian Ian Thorpe becomes the first swimmer to win six gold medals at a single World Championships.

 

What, in history, happened on your birthday?[/quote']

 

stop trollin bro

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514 - St Hormisdas elected as Pope succeeding Pope Sympowerus

1031 - Henry I succeeds father Robert II as King of France

1304 - Wars of Scottish Independence: Fall of Stirling Castle - King Edward I of England takes the last rebel stronghold of the war.

1495 - French viceroy of Naples Montpensier surrenders

1498 - Emperor Maximilian names Albrecht governor of Netherlands

1553 - PM John Dudley captured in Cambridge

1608 - Reynier van Oldenbarnevelt marries Anna Weytzen in Delft

1609 - Emperor Rudolf II grants Silezische protestants freedom of religion

1619 - Gerardus Vossius resigns as Dutch regent States college leader

1627 - English fleet under George Villiers reaches La Rochelle [OS=June 10]

1654 - Anglo-Portuguese treaty, Portugal comes under English control

1712 - The Riot Act takes effect in Great Britain. (awwww yeah!)

1738 - North America: French explorer Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de la V?rendrye reaches the western shore of Lake Michigan.

1749 - Earl of Chesterfield says "Idleness is only refuge of weak minds"

1773 - Scottish settlers arrive at Pictou, Nova Scotia (Canada)

1801 - Elisha Brown Jr pressed a 1,235 pound cheese ball at his farm

1808 - Napoleon decrees all French Jews adopt family names

1810 - Colombia declares independence from Spain

1810 - Citizens of Bogot?, New Granada declare independence from Spain.

1836 - Charles Darwin climbs Green Hill on Ascension

1847 - German astronomer Theodor discovers Comet Brorsen-Metcalf

1849 - Start of 1st Lancashire-Yorkshire clash at Hyde Park, Sheffield

1855 - 1st train from Rotterdam to Utrecht in Netherlands

1858 - Fee 1st charged to see a baseball game (50 cents) (NY beats Bkln 22-18)

1858 - Gathering of Plombieres - Napoleon III meets Cavour

1861 - Confederate state's congress began holding sessions in Richmond, Va

1862 - Guerrilla campaign in GA (Porter's & Poindexter's) [->SEP 20] US580 CS2866

1864 - Battle at Stephenson's Depot Virginia: 200 killed or injured

1864 - Battle of Peachtree Creek-Atlanta Campaign

1866 - Sea battle of Lissa-Austria vs Italy

1868 - 1st use of tax stamps on cigarettes

1871 - British Columbia becomes 6th Canadian province

1871 - British Columbia joins the confederation of Canada.

1872 - Mahlon Loomis patents wireless radio

1876 - 1st US intercollegiate track meet held, Saratoga, NY; Princeton wins

1877 - Military shoots on stopped railroad workers in Balt, kills 9

1878 - 1st telephone introduced in Hawaii

1881 - Sioux Indian Chief Sitting Bull, surrenders to federal troops

1890 - "Gibbons Stamp Monthly" begins publishing

1890 - Snow & hail in Calais, ME

1894 - 2000 fed troops recalled from Chicago, having ended Pullman strike

1903 - Giuseppe Sarto elected Pope Pius X

1906 - Bkln Dodger Mal Eason no-hits St Louis Cards, 2-0

1907 - A train wreck on the Pere Marquette Railroad near Salem, Michigan kills thirty and injures seventy more.

1910 - Former Dutch premier Abraham Kuyper acquitted of corruption

1911 - Boston Red Sox Smokey Joe Wood no-hits St Louis Browns, 5-0

1911 - Generals Henry Wilson/Auguste Dubail sign plan for British Expeditionary army in case of war with Germany

1912 - Phillies Sherry Magee steals home twice in 1 game

1913 - Turkish troop take Adrianopel & Erdine from Bulgaria

1914 - Armed resistance against British rule begins in Ulster

1916 - Giants trade Christy Mathewson to Cin Reds

1917 - Pact of Corfu signed: Serbs, Croats & Slovenes form Yugoslavia

1917 - WW I draft lottery held; #258 is 1st drawn

1918 - World War I: German troops cross the Marne.

1920 - Heerenveen soccer team forms

1921 - Congresswoman Alice Mary Robertson became the first woman to preside over the US House of Representatives.

1922 - Togo made a mandate of League of Nations

1923 - Yanks hit into a triple-play but beat A's 9-2

1924 - Federation Internationale des Echecs (FIDE) forms in Paris

1924 - Teheran, Persia comes under martial law after the American vice consul, Robert Imbrie, is killed by a religious mob enraged by rumors he had poisoned a fountain and killed several people.

1925 - Beirut sultan Pasja al-Atrasj calls Druzen for holy war against France

1925 - Italian-Serbian/Croatian/Slav treaty about Dalmatie

1926 - A convention of the Methodist Church votes to allow women to become priests.

1927 - Lindbergh begins NY flight (Spirit of St Louis)

1928 - The government of Hungary issues a decree ordering Gypsies to end their nomadic ways, settle permanently in one place, and subject themselves to the same laws and taxes as other Hungarians.

1930 - 106?F (41?C), Washington, DC (district record)

1932 - In Washington, D.C., police fire tear gas on World War I veterans part of the Bonus Expeditionary Force who attempt to march to the White House.

1933 - Vatican state secretary Pacelli (Pius XII) signs accord with Hitler

1933 - In London, 500,000 march against anti-Semitism.

1933 - Germany: Two-hundred Jewish merchants are arrested in Nuremberg and paraded through the streets.

1934 - 118?F (48?C), Keokuk, Iowa (state record)

1935 - 1st broadcast of "Gang Busters" on NBC-radio

1935 - Switzerland: A Royal Dutch Airlines plane en route from Milan to Frankfurt crashes into a Swiss mountain, killing thirteen.

1938 - Finland awarded 1940 Olympic games after Japan withdraws

1940 - Germany occupiers forbid Dutch Communist Party (CPN) in Netherlands

1940 - Nazi collaborator Rost of Tonningen appointed director of Marxist

1940 - Billboard publishes its 1st singles record chart (#1 is "I'll Never Smile Again" by Tommy Dorsey)

1941 - Yanks beat Tigers 12-6 in 17

1942 - 1st detachment of Women's Army Auxiliary Corps, begin basic training

1942 - Barbados dismiss Trinidad for 16 in 69 minutes, Derek Sealy 8-8

1942 - Legion of Merit Medal authorized by congress

1942 - Time puts Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovitch on its cover

1942 - Women's Army Auxiliary Corps began basic training at Fort Des Moines

1943 - Joint Chiefs of Staff question adm Nimitz (landing Gilbert Island)

1944 - Brit/Canadian troops occupy Hill 67/Ifs/Bras/Frenouville, Normandy

1944 - British premier Winston Churchill flies to France to meet Montgomery

1944 - Browns Nelson Potter is 1st pitcher suspended for throwing spitballs

1944 - Canadian Cameroon Highlanders conquer St-Andre

1944 - Death March of 1,200 Jews from Lipcani Moldavia begins

1944 - Fieldmarshal von Kluge consults with German commandant at Caen

1944 - Flying Fortresses of US 8th Air Force attack Leipzig/Dessau

1944 - Gen Eisenhower visits Montgomery's headquarter in Normandy

1944 - Heavy storm hampers British offensive at Caen

1944 - Japanese aircraft carrier Hijo sinks by US air attack

1944 - July 20th Plot-Failed assassination attempt on Hitler

1944 - Liberators of US 8th Air Force attack Gotha Russelsheim/Eisenach

1944 - Pres FDR nominated for an unprecedented 4th term at Dem convention

1944 - US 15th Air Force attacks Friedrichshaven Memmingen

1944 - US 9th AF bombs railroad at Chaulnes Sable-sur-Sarthe/Dreux

1944 - US invades Japanese-occupied Guam in WW II

1944 - Violent battles in Verrieres-hill (Normandy)

1944 - Fifty are hurt in rioting in front of the presidential palace in Mexico City.

1947 - 1st political action of Neth Army on Java & Sumatra

1948 - Lou Thesz beats Bill Longson, to become NWA wrestling champ

1948 - Syngman Rhee elected president of South-Korea

1948 - US Communist Party chairman William Forster arrested

1949 - Israel's 19 month war of independence ends

1949 - Vasil Kolarov elected premier of Bulgaria

1950 - "Arthur Murray Party" premieres on ABC TV (later DuMont, CBS, NBC)

1951 - King Abdullah I of Jordan is assassinated by a Palestinian while attending Friday prayers in Jerusalem.

1952 - Emile Zatopek runs Olympic Record 10K (29:17.0)

1952 - Fausto Coppi wins Tour de France

1953 - USSR/Israel recover diplomatic relations

1953 - The United Nations Economic and Social Council votes to make UNICEF a permanent agency.

1954 - Armistice for Indo-China signed, Vietnam separates into North & South

1954 - Tennis champ Maureen Connolly's right leg is crushed in an accident

1954 - West German secret service head Otto John defects to German DR

1956 - France recognizes Tunisia's independence

1956 - Great Britain refuses to lend Egypt money to build Aswan Dam

1956 - US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Bikini Island

1956 - Yankee pitcher Whitey Ford ties AL record of 6 straight strike-outs

1958 - 40th PGA Championship: Dow Finsterwald shoots a 276 at Llanerch CC PA

1958 - Betty Jameson/Mary Lena Faulk wins Homestead 4-Ball Golf Tournament

1958 - King Hussein of Jordan breaks off diplomatic relations with UAR

1960 - 1st submerged submarine to fire Polaris missile (George Washington)

1960 - Sirima Bandaranaike becomes 1st female premier of Ceylon

1960 - USSR recovered 2 dogs; 1st living organisms to return from space

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1960 - The head of the Physics Department at the Israel Institute of Technology, Kurt Sitte, is arrested for espionage.

1961 - French military forces break the Tunisian siege of Bizerte.

1962 - Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 13th Symphony

1962 - France & Tunisia recover diplomatic relations

1963 - 17 African states & Madagascar sign peace treaty with EC

1963 - 18th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Mary Mills

1963 - Verne Gagne beats Crusher Lisowski in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ

1964 - 1st surfin' record to go #1-Jan & Dean's "Surf City"

1964 - Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 10th String quartet

1965 - 18.18" (46.18 cm) of rainfall, Edgarton, Missouri (state 24-hr record)

1965 - NY Yankee pitcher Mel Stottlemyre hits an inside-the-park grand slam

1967 - Pablo Neruda receives 1st Viareggio-Versile prizes

1967 - Race riots in Memphis Tenn

1968 - Jane Asher breaks her engagement with Paul McCartney on live TV

1968 - Iron Butterfly's "In-a-gadda-da-vida" becomes 1st heavy metal song to hit charts, it comes in at #117

1969 - 1st men on Moon, Neil Armstrong & Edwin Aldrin, Apollo 11

1969 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Danbury Lady Carling Golf Open

1969 - Eddy Merckx wins Tour de France

1970 - Dodgers Bill Singer no-hits the Phillies 5-0, giving up no walks

1972 - US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site

1973 - Jack Brisco beats Harley Race in Houston, to become NWA champ

1973 - Chic's Wilbur Wood starts & loses both games of a doubleheader with NY Yankees, 12-2, & 7-0

1973 - The US Senate passes the War Powers Act.

1974 - Heng Yo & Heng Ju, completes 1,000 mile (SF-Seattle) pilgrimage

1974 - Turkey invades Cyprus

1975 - 30th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Sandra Palmer

1975 - India expels three reporters from The Times, The Daily Telegraph, and Newsweek because they refused to sign a pledge to abide by government censorship.

1976 - Hank Aaron hits 755th & last home run off Angels **** Drago

1976 - Last US troops leave Thailand

1976 - US Viking 1 lands on Mars at Chryse Planitia, 1st Martian landing

1976 - Vietnam War: The US military completes its troop withdrawal from Thailand.

1977 - Flash flood hits Johnstown, Pa, kills 80 & causing $350 mil damage

1977 - The Central Intelligence Agency releases documents under the Freedom of Information Act revealing it had engaged in mind control experiments.

1979 - 44-kg Newfoundland dog pulls 2293-kg load, Bothell, Wash

1980 - 109th British Golf Open: Tom Watson shoots a 271 at Muirfield Gullane

1980 - Joop Zoetemelk wins Tour de France

1980 - Pat Bradley wins LPGA Greater Baltimore Golf Classic

1981 - England set for innings loss v Aust, Botham hits 100 in 87 balls

1981 - Irene Saez, of Venezuela, crowned 30th Miss Universe

1982 - Bombs planted by Irish Republican Army explode in 2 London parks

1982 - IRA bomb attacks in London

1982 - T Macauly & D Vosburghs musical "Windy City," premieres in London

1983 - France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island

1984 - Uwe Hohn of East Germany throws javelin a record 104.8 m

1984 - Vanessa Williams is asked to resign as Miss America

1985 - Divers find wreck of Spanish galleon Atocha

1985 - The government of Aruba passes legislation to secede from the Netherlands Antilles.

1986 - Jane Geddes wins LPGA Boston Five Golf Classic

1987 - Don Mattingly ties 1st base fielding record with 22 put-outs

1988 - Michael Dukakis selected Democratic presidential nominee

1989 - 93?F, highest overnight low ever recorded in Phoenix Arizona

1989 - Burma govt puts author Aung San Suu Kyi under house arrest

1989 - Photographer Robert Mapplethorpe's show opens at Washington, D.C.'s Project for the Arts after the Smithsonian Institution's Corcoran Gallery cancels it.

1990 - Justice William Brennan resigns from Supreme Court after 36 years

1991 - Kirk Cameron marries Growing Pains co-star Chelsea Noble in upstate NY

1991 - Mike Tyson is accused of raping a Miss Black America contestant

1992 - 121st British Golf Open: Nick Faldo shoots a 272 at Muirfield Gullane

1992 - Round World Air Race begins in Paris

1992 - V?clav Havel resigns as president of Czechoslovakia.

1993 - Fire in the press box at Altanta Fulton County Stadium

1993 - Joe Petruzzi files for divorce from Annabella Sciorra (Jungle Fever)

1994 - Major parts of Comet Shoemaker-Levy hit Jupiter (July 16th-22nd)

1994 - OJ Simpson offers $500,000 reward for evidence of ex-wife's klller

1995 - The Regents of the University of California vote to end all affirmative action in the UC system by 1997.

1996 - 26th Olympic games open at Atlanta, Georgia (sched)

1996 - In Spain, an ETA bomb at an airport kills 35

1997 - 126th British Golf Open: Billy Ray Brown shoots a 271 at Royal Troon

1997 - American Justin Leonard wins the British Open shooting at 272

1997 - Burnet Senior Golf Classic

1997 - Michele Redman wins LPGA JAL Big Apple Classic

1998 - Two hundred aid workers from CARE International, Doctors Without Borders and other aid groups leave Afghanistan on orders of the Taliban.

1999 - Falun Gong is banned in the People's Republic of China, and a large scale crackdown of the practice is launched.

2000 - The leaders of Salt Lake City's bid to win the 2002 Winter Olympics are indicted by a federal grand jury for bribery, fraud, and racketeering

2000 - In Zimbabwe, Parliament opens its new session and seats opposition members for the first time in a decade.

2000 - Terrorist Carlos the Jackal sues France in the European Court of Human Rights for allegedly torturing him.

2001 - The London Stock Exchange goes public.

2001 - Italy: The 27th Annual G8 summit opens in Genoa. An Italian protester in Genoa, Carlo Giuliani, is shot by police.

2002 - South America: A fire in a discotheque in Lima, Peru kills over twenty-five.

2003 - France: Sixteen people are injured after two bombs explode outside a tax office in Nice.

2005 - Canada becomes the fourth country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage, after the bill C-38 receives its Royal Assent.

 

 

 

I think that's about it....

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1960 - The head of the Physics Department at the Israel Institute of Technology' date=' Kurt Sitte, is arrested for espionage.

1961 - French military forces break the Tunisian siege of Bizerte.

1962 - Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 13th Symphony

1962 - France & Tunisia recover diplomatic relations

1963 - 17 African states & Madagascar sign peace treaty with EC

1963 - 18th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Mary Mills

1963 - Verne Gagne beats Crusher Lisowski in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ

1964 - 1st surfin' record to go #1-Jan & Dean's "Surf City"

1964 - Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 10th String quartet

1965 - 18.18" (46.18 cm) of rainfall, Edgarton, Missouri (state 24-hr record)

1965 - NY Yankee pitcher Mel Stottlemyre hits an inside-the-park grand slam

1967 - Pablo Neruda receives 1st Viareggio-Versile prizes

1967 - Race riots in Memphis Tenn

1968 - Jane Asher breaks her engagement with Paul McCartney on live TV

1968 - Iron Butterfly's "In-a-gadda-da-vida" becomes 1st heavy metal song to hit charts, it comes in at #117

1969 - 1st men on Moon, Neil Armstrong & Edwin Aldrin, Apollo 11

1969 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Danbury Lady Carling Golf Open

1969 - Eddy Merckx wins Tour de France

1970 - Dodgers Bill Singer no-hits the Phillies 5-0, giving up no walks

1972 - US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site

1973 - Jack Brisco beats Harley Race in Houston, to become NWA champ

1973 - Chic's Wilbur Wood starts & loses both games of a doubleheader with NY Yankees, 12-2, & 7-0

1973 - The US Senate passes the War Powers Act.

1974 - Heng Yo & Heng Ju, completes 1,000 mile (SF-Seattle) pilgrimage

1974 - Turkey invades Cyprus

1975 - 30th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Sandra Palmer

1975 - India expels three reporters from The Times, The Daily Telegraph, and Newsweek because they refused to sign a pledge to abide by government censorship.

1976 - Hank Aaron hits 755th & last home run off Angels **** Drago

1976 - Last US troops leave Thailand

1976 - US Viking 1 lands on Mars at Chryse Planitia, 1st Martian landing

1976 - Vietnam War: The US military completes its troop withdrawal from Thailand.

1977 - Flash flood hits Johnstown, Pa, kills 80 & causing $350 mil damage

1977 - The Central Intelligence Agency releases documents under the Freedom of Information Act revealing it had engaged in mind control experiments.

1979 - 44-kg Newfoundland dog pulls 2293-kg load, Bothell, Wash

1980 - 109th British Golf Open: Tom Watson shoots a 271 at Muirfield Gullane

1980 - Joop Zoetemelk wins Tour de France

1980 - Pat Bradley wins LPGA Greater Baltimore Golf Classic

1981 - England set for innings loss v Aust, Botham hits 100 in 87 balls

1981 - Irene Saez, of Venezuela, crowned 30th Miss Universe

1982 - Bombs planted by Irish Republican Army explode in 2 London parks

1982 - IRA bomb attacks in London

1982 - T Macauly & D Vosburghs musical "Windy City," premieres in London

1983 - France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island

1984 - Uwe Hohn of East Germany throws javelin a record 104.8 m

1984 - Vanessa Williams is asked to resign as Miss America

1985 - Divers find wreck of Spanish galleon Atocha

1985 - The government of Aruba passes legislation to secede from the Netherlands Antilles.

1986 - Jane Geddes wins LPGA Boston Five Golf Classic

1987 - Don Mattingly ties 1st base fielding record with 22 put-outs

1988 - Michael Dukakis selected Democratic presidential nominee

1989 - 93?F, highest overnight low ever recorded in Phoenix Arizona

1989 - Burma govt puts author Aung San Suu Kyi under house arrest

1989 - Photographer Robert Mapplethorpe's show opens at Washington, D.C.'s Project for the Arts after the Smithsonian Institution's Corcoran Gallery cancels it.

1990 - Justice William Brennan resigns from Supreme Court after 36 years

1991 - Kirk Cameron marries Growing Pains co-star Chelsea Noble in upstate NY

1991 - Mike Tyson is accused of raping a Miss Black America contestant

1992 - 121st British Golf Open: Nick Faldo shoots a 272 at Muirfield Gullane

1992 - Round World Air Race begins in Paris

1992 - V?clav Havel resigns as president of Czechoslovakia.

1993 - Fire in the press box at Altanta Fulton County Stadium

1993 - Joe Petruzzi files for divorce from Annabella Sciorra (Jungle Fever)

1994 - Major parts of Comet Shoemaker-Levy hit Jupiter (July 16th-22nd)

1994 - OJ Simpson offers $500,000 reward for evidence of ex-wife's klller

1995 - The Regents of the University of California vote to end all affirmative action in the UC system by 1997.

1996 - 26th Olympic games open at Atlanta, Georgia (sched)

1996 - In Spain, an ETA bomb at an airport kills 35

1997 - 126th British Golf Open: Billy Ray Brown shoots a 271 at Royal Troon

1997 - American Justin Leonard wins the British Open shooting at 272

1997 - Burnet Senior Golf Classic

1997 - Michele Redman wins LPGA JAL Big Apple Classic

1998 - Two hundred aid workers from CARE International, Doctors Without Borders and other aid groups leave Afghanistan on orders of the Taliban.

1999 - Falun Gong is banned in the People's Republic of China, and a large scale crackdown of the practice is launched.

2000 - The leaders of Salt Lake City's bid to win the 2002 Winter Olympics are indicted by a federal grand jury for bribery, fraud, and racketeering

2000 - In Zimbabwe, Parliament opens its new session and seats opposition members for the first time in a decade.

2000 - Terrorist Carlos the Jackal sues France in the European Court of Human Rights for allegedly torturing him.

2001 - The London Stock Exchange goes public.

2001 - Italy: The 27th Annual G8 summit opens in Genoa. An Italian protester in Genoa, Carlo Giuliani, is shot by police.

2002 - South America: A fire in a discotheque in Lima, Peru kills over twenty-five.

2003 - France: Sixteen people are injured after two bombs explode outside a tax office in Nice.

2005 - Canada becomes the fourth country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage, after the bill C-38 receives its Royal Assent.

 

 

 

I think that's about it....[/quote']

 

You really only have one birthday! You celebrate it every year, buy you only have one.

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1054 – Siward, Earl of Northumbria invades Scotland and defeats Macbeth, King of Scotland somewhere north of the Firth of Forth.

1189 – Friedrich Barbarossa arrives at Niš, the capital of Serbian King Stefan Nemanja, during the Third Crusade.

1202 – Battle of Basian.

1214 – Battle of Bouvines: in France, Philip II of France defeats John of England.

1302 – Battle of Bapheus: decisive Ottoman victory over the Byzantines opening up Bithynia for Turkish conquest.

1549 – The Jesuit priest Francis Xavier's ship reaches Japan.

1663 – The English Parliament passes the second Navigation Act requiring that all goods bound for the American colonies have to be sent in English ships from English ports.

1689 – Glorious Revolution: the Battle of Killiecrankie ends.

1694 – A Royal Charter is granted to the Bank of England.

1720 – The Battle of Grengam marks the second important victory of the Russian Navy.

1778 – American Revolution: First Battle of Ushant – British and French fleets fight to a standoff.

1789 – The first U.S. federal government agency, the Department of Foreign Affairs, is established (it will be later renamed Department of State).

1794 – French Revolution: Maximilien Robespierre is arrested after encouraging the execution of more than 17,000 "enemies of the Revolution".

1862 – Sailing from San Francisco to Panama City, the SS Golden Gate catches fire and sinks off Manzanillo, Mexico, killing 231.

1865 – Welsh settlers arrive at Chubut in Argentina.

1866 – The first permanent transatlantic telegraph cable is successfully completed, stretching from Valentia Island, Ireland, to Heart's Content, Newfoundland.

1880 – Second Anglo-Afghan War: Battle of Maiwand – Afghan forces led by Ayub Khan defeat the British Army in battle near Maiwand, Afghanistan.

1900 – Kaiser Wilhelm II makes a speech comparing Germans to Huns; for years afterwards, "Hun" would be a disparaging name for Germans.

1914 – Felix Manalo registers the Iglesia ni Cristo with the Philippine government.

1917 – The Allies reach the Yser Canal at the Battle of Passchendaele.

1919 – The Chicago Race Riot erupts after a racial incident occurred on a South Side beach, leading to 38 fatalities and 537 injuries over a five-day period.

1921 – Researchers at the University of Toronto led by biochemist Frederick Banting prove that the hormone insulin regulates blood sugar.

1928 – Tich Freeman becomes the only bowler ever to take 200 first-class wickets before the end of July.

1929 – The Geneva Convention of 1929, dealing with treatment of prisoners-of-war, is signed by 53 nations.

1940 – The animated short A Wild Hare is released, introducing the character of Bugs Bunny.

1941 – Japanese troops occupy French Indo-China.

1942 – World War II: Allied forces successfully halt the final Axis advance into Egypt.

1949 – Initial flight of the de Havilland Comet, the first jet-powered airliner.

1953 – Fighting in the Korean War ends when the United States, the People's Republic of China, and North Korea sign an armistice agreement. Syngman Rhee, President of South Korea, refuses to sign but pledges to observe the armistice.

1955 – The Allied occupation of Austria stemming from World War II, ends.

1964 – Vietnam War: 5,000 more American military advisers are sent to South Vietnam bringing the total number of United States forces in Vietnam to 21,000.

1974 – Watergate Scandal: the House of Representatives Judiciary Committee votes 27 to 11 to recommend the first article of impeachment (for obstruction of justice) against President Richard Nixon.

1976 – Former Japanese prime minister Kakuei Tanaka is arrested on suspicion of violating foreign exchange and foreign trade laws in connection with the Lockheed bribery scandals.

1981 – British television: on Coronation Street, Ken Barlow marries Deirdre Langton, which proves to be a national event scoring massive viewer numbers for the show.

1981 – 6 year old Adam Walsh, son of John Walsh is kidnapped in Hollywood, Florida and is found murdered two weeks later.

1983 – Black July: 18 Tamil political prisoners at the Welikada high security prison in Colombo are massacred by Sinhalese prisoners, the second such massacre in two days.

1987 – RMS Titanic, Inc. begins the first expedited salvage of wreckage of the RMS Titanic.

1990 – The Jamaat al Muslimeen attempt a coup d'?tat in Trinidad and Tobago, occupying the Trinidad and the studios of Trinidad and Tobago Television, holding Prime Minister A. N. R. Robinson and most of his Cabinet as well as the staff at the television station hostage for 6 days.

1990 – The Supreme Soviet of the Belarusian Soviet Republic declares independence of Belarus from the Soviet Union. Until

1994 - Awesome forum poster Big_roy_fan is born

1996 the day is celebrated as the Independence Day of Belarus; after a referendum held that year the celebration of independence is moved to June 3.

1995 – The Korean War Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C..

1996 – Centennial Olympic Park bombing: in Atlanta, United States, a pipe bomb explodes at Centennial Olympic Park during the 1996 Summer Olympics. One woman (Alice Hawthorne) is killed, and a cameraman suffers a heart attack fleeing the scene. 111 are injured.

1997 – About 50 people are killed in the Si Zerrouk massacre in Algeria.

2002 – Ukraine airshow disaster: a Sukhoi Su-27 fighter crashes during an air show at Lviv, Ukraine killing 85 and injuring more than 100 others, the largest air show disaster in history.

2005 – STS-114: NASA grounds the Space Shuttle, pending an investigation of the continuing problem with the shedding of foam insulation from the external fuel tank. During ascent, the external tank of the Space Shuttle Discovery sheds a piece of foam slightly smaller than the piece that caused the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster; this foam does not strike the spacecraft.

2006 – The Federal Republic of Germany is deemed guilty in the loss of Bashkirian 2937 and DHL Flight 611, because it is illegal to outsource flight surveillance.

2007 – Phoenix News Helicopter Collision: news helicopters from Phoenix, Arizona television stations KNXV and KTVK collide over Steele Indian School Park in central Phoenix while covering a police chase;

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